Despite its mountainous terrain, the Philippines has an extensive network of paved roads. There are different kinds of public transportation available to tourists and locals in the Philippines so traveling within the country is not that difficult especially if you don't mind the sometimes rickety public vehicles. Jeepneys, buses, taxis, LRT/MRT abound the cities while small neighborhoods use tricycles and pedicabs for short trips. For inter-island transfers, airplanes and ferries are also available.
The most popular mode of transportation is the brightly decorated jeepney which serves as a shared taxi and can be found everywhere. Like buses, they have regular routes but they will stop if you flagged them down by saying the Tagalog word 'para" out loud so that the driver will be able to hear you. Aside from that, jeepneys also have a reasonable fixed rate so prepare small bills or coins if you're planning to ride one. Jeepneys were originally made from US military jeeps left over from World War II. It is believed that the word jeepney comes from the word "jeep" and "knee" because of the crammed sitting, passengers must sit knee to knee. It is also commonly believed that it is a mix of the words "jeep" and "jitney".
Buses are available with or without air-conditioning. Air-conditioned buses almost charge double the price of a non-airconditioned bus and use certain main routes. They also abound in the cities but if you want to travel outside Metro Manila, charter bus lines are readily available as well.
Taxis are air-conditioned and like the jeepneys and the bus, there's plenty of them practically anywhere in Manila and in bigger cities like Makati and Quezon City. The current flag down rate for a taxi is 40php and 3.50php for every succeeding kilometer. Always insist to the driver on using the meter and if he refused, you should get out and find a new taxi. It is always advised to take note of the taxi's plate number and in case of abusive drivers, you can always report them to LTFRB (Land Transportation Franchise Regulatory Board). Just call or text their hotline numbers: +63921 4487777-mobile and +632 4262515-landline. Don't forget to indicate the plate number and the name of the taxi if possible.
The LRT and MRT is the best and fastest way too get around downtown Manila. Aside from that, it is also inexpensive. Currently, there are 3 lines operating within the Metro. LRT1 (Yellow Line) serves from Baclaran to Monumento in Caloocan, LRT2 (Purple Line)is from Recto,Manila to Santolan, Quezon City and MRT is from Edsa/Pasay to North Avenue, Quezon City. Normal schedule of LRT trains is from 5:00 am to 11:00 pm on weekdays and 5:00 am to 9:30 pm on weekends while MRT operates Mondays to Sundays from 5:00 am to 11:00 pm.